El Salvador has ratified the following documents:
  • Additional (San Salvador) Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
  • International Covenant Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
The following documents further define the obligations of El Salvador:
    The documents listed above require El Salvador to protect and promote the following rights:

    Right to development
    Right to education
    Right to equal protection of the law
    Right to freedom from inhuman or degrading treatment
    Right to highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
    Right to housing
    Right to just and favorable work conditions
    Right to liberty and security of the person
    Right to life and survival
    Right to marry and found a family
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of age
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of disability (i.e. HIV positive)
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of marital status
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of race and ethnicity
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of sex and gender
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation
    Right to private and family life
    Right to receive and impart information
    Right to the benefits of scientific progress

    Constitutional Protection of Rights

    The Constitution of El Salvador can be viewed at http://www.georgetown.edu/pdba/Constitutions/ElSal/elsalvador.html

    The Constitution of El Salvador is an important tool for the protection and promotion of human rights. It enables El Salvador to translate international agreements into domestic law, and obliges all branches of government to respect and ensure the rights it enunciates.

    The Constitution provides for the protection of the following rights, among others. This empowers individuals in making reproductive health decisions, and helps create the economic and social conditions conducive to good sexual and reproductive health.

    Right to development (art. 34)
    Right to dignity (art. 4, art. 10)
    Right to the equal protection of the law (art. 3)
    Right to equality within marriage (art. 32, art. 33)
    Right to freedom of association (art. 7)
    Right to freedom of expression (art. 6)
    Right to freedom of movement (art. 5)
    Right to just and favorable work conditions (art. 38)
    Right to liberty and security (art. 2, art. 11)
    Right to life (art. 2)
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of race (art. 3)
    Right to non-discrimination on grounds of sex (art. 3)
    Right to own private property (art. 2, art. 11) and to transmit it (art. 22, art. 23)
    Right to private and family life (art.2)
    Right to work (art. 2)

    The Constitution includes other provisions that promote and protect rights relevant for good sexual and reproductive health.

    Several provisions empower women:

    • at home and in the family, by providing for the right to equality within marriage (art. 32, art. 33); obliging El Salvador to protect the family (art. 32), including non-marital unions (art. 33); and requiring the creation of the institutions protecting motherhood and childhood (art. 34)
    • at work by protecting the right to equal pay for equal work (art. 38.1) and the right to paid maternity leave (art. 42), and by prohibiting the work of women in dangerous or unhealthy conditions (art. 38.10)
    The Constitution requires El Salvador to provide free assistance and treatment to patients if it will help prevent the spread of a contagious disease (art. 66). In that case treatment is mandatory for patients.

    The Constitution further obliges El Salvador to:

    • provide its citizens with economic well-being and social justice (art. 101)
    • provide for the physical and mental health, and the education of minors (art. 35)
    • take charge of the poor unable to work (art. 70)